The term extradition refers to the submission of a criminal on the run to the legal system of another country for judicial proceedings. Thailand has agreements with around fourteen countries for the extradition of criminals and fugitives: UK, USA, Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Belgium, South Korea, Laos, Cambodia, China, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Fiji and Australia,
Extradition process in Thailand follows the guidelines put in place in the extradition act of 2551. In addition, it may have different implications based on international treaties in place between Thailand and the international community.
In most cases, the extradition proceedings is implemented, if a person is suspected of commiting a serious crime which has resulted in being charged for jail time of more than one year or if the individual faces death penalty inside the other country’s judicial system. With that being said, there are cases of extradition treaties between Thailand and other countries that would be applied to less severe crimes which would also result in extradition proceedings to take place.
In order for the extradition request to be followed up by Thailand, certain criteria have to be met:
In the case that a foreign government aims to request extradition of an individual in Thailand, the only person qualified to make the judgment is Thailand’s Attorney General. In addition, there has to be an arrest warrant from the country submitting the request that explains in detail the crimes committed by the individual under scrutiny, all the details surrounding the crime, the utmost punishment in place in the requesting country, any extra information that would help Thailand’s juristical system to properly identify and to make sure that the wanted person is in fact the person being looked for within Thailand, and any other possible information that would help with finding out the location of the individual.